Indonesia Memiliki Lautan Dan Selat Yang Luas Hal Ini Menyebabkan Indonesia

Source: bing.com Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, consisting of more than 17,000 islands with a coastline that stretches over 54,716 kilometres. With such a

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Indonesia'S Vast Ocean And StraitSource: bing.com

Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, consisting of more than 17,000 islands with a coastline that stretches over 54,716 kilometres. With such a vast expanse of water, it is no surprise that Indonesia has some of the richest marine biodiversity in the world. The country is located in a region known as the Coral Triangle, which is home to more than 75% of the world’s coral species.

Indonesia and its Marine Life

Indonesia'S Marine LifeSource: bing.com

The marine life in Indonesia is incredibly diverse, with over 3,000 species of fish and over 600 species of coral. The country also has the world’s largest population of reef sharks, including the rare and endangered hammerhead shark. The waters around Indonesia are also home to manta rays, sea turtles, and various species of whales and dolphins.

However, Indonesia’s marine life is under threat from overfishing, pollution, and climate change. The government has implemented various measures to protect its marine environment, including the establishment of marine protected areas and the banning of destructive fishing practices such as blast fishing and cyanide fishing.

Indonesia’s Strategic Location

Indonesia'S Strategic LocationSource: bing.com

Indonesia’s strategic location between the Indian and Pacific Oceans has made it an important maritime hub for centuries. The country is a major transit point for international trade, with more than 90% of its exports and imports transported by sea.

Indonesia’s location also makes it vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis. The country sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a region known for its frequent seismic activity. In 2004, a massive earthquake off the coast of Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed over 230,000 people in Indonesia and several other countries.

Indonesia’s Shipping Industry

Indonesia'S Shipping IndustrySource: bing.com

Indonesia’s shipping industry is one of the largest in the world, with over 3,000 ports and harbours. The country’s shipping industry contributes significantly to its economy, with exports of goods such as coal, palm oil, and rubber making up a large portion of its GDP.

However, the shipping industry also has a significant impact on Indonesia’s marine environment. The discharge of ballast water and the release of pollutants from ships can harm marine life and degrade water quality.

Tourism in Indonesia

Tourism In IndonesiaSource: bing.com

Indonesia’s natural beauty and rich cultural heritage have made it a popular tourist destination. The country has over 1,700 designated tourist destinations, including beaches, national parks, and cultural attractions such as temples and museums.

Tourism is an important contributor to Indonesia’s economy, providing employment and generating revenue. However, tourism can also have negative impacts on the environment, including the degradation of natural resources and the destruction of cultural sites.

Conclusion

Indonesia’s vast ocean and strait provide the country with numerous benefits, from its rich marine biodiversity to its strategic location for international trade. However, these benefits also come with significant challenges, including the need to protect the marine environment from pollution and overfishing, as well as the need to prepare for natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis.

As Indonesia continues to develop and grow, it is important that it does so in a sustainable and responsible manner, balancing economic growth with environmental conservation and cultural preservation.

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